History of Raparin Area

History of Raparin Area

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Brief Overview on Raparin Area

Ranya Zone

Ranya is the center of Raparin self-administered zone consisting of between and Pishdar territories, Its administrative seat is the town of Ranya which is affiliated to Sulaimani governorate, districts of Sarkapkan, Betwata, Hajyawa, Chwarqurna, Zharawa, Sangasar, Halsho are all affiliated to Raparin self-administration.

Ancient Legacy of Ranya

Ranya City Has a long History that can be determined by having a lot of archaeological sites in the area, such as, Ranya Citadel, Shmshara hill, Basmusian, Dema hill, Kamamian,Bosken mound  and Darband, these archaeological sites can tell us that people have been living here for a long time that is approximately about 6000 years B.C.

Name of Ranya

There are different opinions about the name of Ranay, some saying that it’s from an old word relating to the Assyrian age and the word means “Awadani”inhabitant in English, others say its came from the word “Oranos” which is an abbreviation of the word “Oranya”, by the elapsed of time the prefix “O” has been omitted from the word, some others believe that its came from the word “Ra___Nya” means No__Way ,that is because of difficulties faced people who were trying to travel through this era. Despite of the opinions explained above, there are other opinions about the city, such as the word “Ran or Ranamar” its used because the area was a suitable place for growing up animals, there is another opinion saying that  the word comes from “Ran-Aran” means hot.